Daily news - 2nd June 2021

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UK News

Scotland’s Medication Assisted Treatment (M.A.T.) Standards published

MAT standards are evidence based and aim to enable the consistent delivery of safe, accessible, high-quality drug treatment across Scotland; relevant to people & families accessing or in need of services, and health & social care staff responsible for delivery of recovery oriented systems of care | Scottish Government, UK

Standards of care for drug treatment aim to break down barriers to access

Discussing the urgent need for the standards, Dr Duncan McCormick, Consultant in Public Health Medicine at Public Health Scotland and Chair of the MAT Subgroup of the Scottish Drugs Deaths Taskforce, said: “Drug-related deaths and harms are preventable, and we know that being safely prescribed substitution treatment can safeguard against serious harm including death | Public Health Scotland, UK

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of take-home naloxone (THN) ownership and carriage

[Open access] Drug-related deaths globally are increasing year on year, with the largest proportion of these being opioid-related. The opioid antagonist naloxone distributed for take-home use (‘Take-Home Naloxone (THN)’) has been championed as one method of tackling this public health crisis, however to be effective it must be available at an opioid overdose. Ownership and carriage are therefore fundamental to THN success. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of ownership and carriage of THN internationally among people who use drugs | IJDP, UK

Alcohol consumption in the general population is associated with structural changes in multiple organ systems

Excessive alcohol consumption is associated with damage to various organs, but its multi-organ effects have not been characterised across the usual range of alcohol drinking in a large general population sample. We assessed global effect sizes of alcohol consumption on quantitative magnetic resonance imaging phenotypic measures of the brain, heart, aorta and liver of UK-Biobank participants who reported drinking alcohol | E life sciences, UK [See commentary in blogs section below]

Smoking's impact on early preventable deaths in Wales revealed - and it's frightening

Campaigners are using World No Tobacco Day to help push Wales towards the smoking reduction figure official target it has been unable to meet so far | Wales Online, UK

The psychologists signing up for psychedelic therapy training: ‘Amazing things can happen’

The global renaissance of psychedelic drugs in the treatment of mental health gains further legitimacy in Australia as psychologists sign up for clinical trials | Guardian, UK

Addiction Audio: pay-for-performance funding with Thomas Mason - podcast

In this episode of Addiction Audio, Rob Calder talks to Dr Thomas Mason about his research on pay for performance models of addiction treatment and how they were associated with increased emergency hospital admissions | SSA, UK

Research analysis: Payment by Results and hospital admissions

The implications of pay-for-performance models of addiction treatment funding for policy and practice. This original research article (1) by Dr Thomas Mason and colleagues was published in Addiction in 2021. Commentary by Rob Calder | SSA, UK

Record breaking month of hepatitis C testing for Leeds

Forward Leeds tested more people for the hepatitis C virus in May 2021 than in all of 2020 | Forward Leeds, UK

Ipswich man caught drink-driving on e-scooter given ban

Unal Gokbulut, 42, of Hilton Road, Ipswich, failed a roadside breath test near his home in the early hours of 5 April, police said | BBC, UK

Dog becomes sick after eating cannabis in Mugdock Country Park

A dog owner is warning others to be alert after her pet was rushed for emergency treatment after eating cannabis in a country park | Glasgow Times, UK


International news

Airlines ban alcohol after flight attendant repeatedly punched

Two airlines in the US have pledged to ban the sale of alcohol on flights after a member of cabin crew was repeatedly punched in the face by a passenger | Independent, UK

The Wisdom of Trauma - World Film Premiere June 8–14, 2021

Trauma is the invisible force that shapes our lives. Dr. Maté gives us a new vision: a trauma-informed society in which parents, teachers, physicians, policy-makers and legal personnel are not concerned with fixing behaviors, making diagnoses, suppressing symptoms and judging, but seek instead to understand the sources from which troubling behaviors and diseases spring in the wounded human soul | Science and Nonduality, UK and USA

Emma Coronel Aispuro: The rise and fall of a drug kingpin’s wife

Emma Coronel Aispuro had a glamorous life in New York, enjoying the benefits of her marriage to drug kingpin Joaquin Guzman Loera, aka El Chapo. Then she was arrested, and thrown in a Virginia jail. What happened to the queen of the drug-cartel world? | BBC, UK

Global E-cigarettes Market to Reach $22.5 Billion by 2026

Amid the COVID-19 crisis, the global market for E-cigarettes estimated at US$14.1 Billion in the year 2020, is projected to reach a revised size of US$22.5 Billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 8.3% over the analysis period | CISION PRNewswire, USA

Do you live in a U.S. opioid overdose hotspot?

Ohio, Pennsylvania, Kentucky, West Virginia, Indiana and Tennessee have the highest percentage of opioid overdose deaths, but researchers identified 25 regional overdose clusters nationwide | Medical Xpress, USA

Most buprenorphine prescriptions are written by a small number of providers

Most prescriptions for the drug buprenorphine, used to treat opioid use disorder, are written by a small number of the health care providers, according to a new RAND Corporation study | Medical Xpress, USA

Amazon backs legislation to legalize marijuana

Amazon on Tuesday announced its support for legislation that seeks to legalize marijuana at the federal level and said it will stop screening certain workers for use of the drug | The Hill, USA

It works, but why does it work? Perspectives on change in 12-step and non-12-step mutual-help groups

There has been substantial growth of recovery mutual-help groups that adopt non-12-step philosophies. Findings from this study suggest that these newer groups may support change in many of the same ways as 12-step groups. Better understanding how these groups work can provide more options for people with substance use disorders and inform both clinicians and policy makers in supporting people seeking recovery | Recovery Research Institute, USA

Older adults with mood and anxiety disorders benefit as much from alcohol use disorder treatment as those without these co-occurring conditions

Individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) commonly experience other mental health conditions, such as depression or anxiety, and many do not receive treatment. People with co-occurring conditions may be less likely to complete treatment and have poorer treatment outcomes | Recovery Research Institute, USA

Prevalence and correlates of daily blunt use among a national U.S. sample

Smoking blunts (i.e., hollowed out cigars or cigarillos filled with marijuana) presents serious health risks, including exposure to carcinogens and carbon monoxide and nicotine and marijuana dependence | BASIS, USA

Inequities in access to primary care among opioid recipients in Ontario, Canada: A population-based cohort study

Stigma and high-care needs can present barriers to the provision of high-quality primary care for people with opioid use disorder (OUD) and those prescribed opioids for chronic pain. We explored the likelihood of securing a new primary care provider (PCP) among people with varying histories of opioid use who had recently lost access to their PCP | PLOS Medicine, Canada

The Canadian Managed Alcohol Program Study (CMAPS)

CISUR is leading a national study of Managed Alcohol Programs in Canada. This project will rigourously evaluate MAPs in Canada and generate insights into their implementation and effectiveness. The results of this research will be used to reduce unintended negative consequences of MAPs and inform the development of program and policy recommendations | University of Victoria, Canada

Psychedelic Monopoly: A Discussion on the Patent Race

Patents have become a hot topic in the psychedelic industry, raising questions on the ethics and equity of these soon-to-be-legal drug therapies. Advocates, activists and entrepreneurs, while all in favour of psychedelic drugs for healthcare and mental wellbeing, seem to split on its corporatization | The Truffle Report, Canada

People who use drugs on the Prairies face inconsistent access to supervised consumption services even as fatal overdoses increase throughout the region | Globe and Mail, Canada

Ontario builders' group launches campaign to prevent opioid deaths among construction workers

Construction workers make up 30% of opioid deaths among employed Ontarians in 2020, report reveals | CBC News, Canada


Blogs, comment and opinion

Expert reaction to study looking at alcohol consumption, including within UK guidelines, and structural images of organ systems

Reaction to a study published in eLife uses UK Biobank data to look at alcohol consumption and structural changes in multiple organ systems | Science Media Centre, UK

‘Alcohol almost cost me my life and my marriage’

[Limited number of free articles per week] After four decades of chronic drinking, I finally gave up two and a half years ago; since then I’ve been supporting those who want to quit | Telegraph, UK

The Trip Report 01/06

Through the work of organisations such as WEDINOS, The Loop, and SaferParty, we know a little more about the drugs in circulation. The report provided below is a summary of their findings over the last week | Cameron Scally, UK

A clause in the UK-Australia trade deal could let companies sue governments. We have been here before

Australians remember Philip Morris suing the government. We should not hand UK corporations the same weapon | Guardian opinion, UK